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Stanhope Bayne-Jones was born in New Orleans. He received his B.A. in 1910 from Yale University, his M.D. in 1914 from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and his M.A. in 1917 from the Johns Hopkins University. Until 1924, he held various faculty positions at the school of medicine, ranging from instructor in pathology to associate professor of bacteriology. He then served on the medical faculties at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and the Yale University School of Medicine, becoming dean of medicine at Yale in 1935. Bayne-Jones also served in the U.S. Army Medical Corps in World Wars I and II and was promoted to brigadier general. A bacteriologist, he was chosen as one of the ten members of the U.S. Surgeon General’s Advisory Committee on Smoking and Health, which issued the famous Surgeon General’s Report in 1964 that linked smoking to cancer. In 1968, a professorship in medicine was established at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in his honor.

Scope and Content

The Stanhope Bayne-Jones Collection spans most of his medical career. It consists primarily of letters written by either Bayne-Jones or his wife, Nannie Moore Smith, to family members in New Orleans. Many of Bayne-Jones’ letters were written from France during World War I. Also included in the collection are photographs of Bayne-Jones (including two in military uniform) and other family members; clippings; a three-volume, edited transcript of oral history interviews with Bayne-Jones by Harlan Phillips of the National Library of Medicine (April-July 1966); and a two-volume catalog of the Bayne-Jones collection in the National Library of Medicine.

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