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Robert E. Cooke was born in Attleboro, Massachusetts. He earned his B.S. at Yale’s Sheffield Scientific School in 1941 and his M.D. at the Yale School of Medicine in 1944. He completed his internship and residency at New Haven Hospital but interrupted this period of training to serve two years in the U.S. Army Medical Corps. In 1950, Cooke joined the faculty in pediatrics at the Yale School of Medicine. In 1956, he came to Johns Hopkins as professor and chair of the pediatrics department. At Johns Hopkins, Cooke designed and implemented novel programs that complemented the care in the Children’s Medical and Surgical Center, including a program that brought better medical care to inner-city mothers and their children. He also directed the Kennedy Program for Research into the Etiology of Mental Retardation. This work covered a broad approach to the prenatal, neonatal, and postnatal causes of intellectual and developmental disabilities, including viral disorders, biochemical aberrations, and neonatal chemical injuries. Cooke played a major role in the development of the Kennedy Institute for Handicapped Children, a center for the habilitation of the handicapped, and served as its first director. He lead the task force that developed the national Head Start program to help children born in poverty overcome social and education obstacles. He left Johns Hopkins in 1973 to become vice chancellor for health sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 1977, he became president of the Medical College of Pennsylvania and, later, the pediatrician-in-chief at Buffalo Children’s Hospital. He retired in 1989 and died in 2014.

Scope and Content

The Robert E. Cooke Collection spans his entire career at Johns Hopkins, emphasizing his tenure as chairman of the department of pediatrics. Series include departmental correspondence (in subject files), patient correspondence, speeches, manuscripts, financial records, and reprints. These records are a resource for studying mid-twentieth-century efforts to find new approaches to childhood birth defects, intellectual and developmental disabilities. Substantial portions of the collection document the development of the Head Start program and the Kennedy Institute for Handicapped Children.

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