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Robert A. Robinson was born in Rochester, New York. He received his A.B. in 1935 from Harvard University and his M.D. in 1939 from Columbia University. Robinson then served in the U.S. Army as ward orthopedic surgeon and chief administrator at several base hospitals. After completing his residency in orthopedics, he joined the faculty of the University of Rochester School of Medicine in 1951. Two years later, he became chief of the division of orthopedics at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and professor of orthopedic surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Robinson was among the first to study bone structure using the electron microscope, and his description of a method for anterior removal of intervertebal discs from the neck opened new fields of research and improved treatment of disc disease. He also was one of the nation’s leading authorities on total joint replacement.

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The Robert A. Robinson Collection documents Robinson’s tenure as professor of orthopedic surgery and orthopedic-surgeon-in-charge at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Series include professional and patient correspondence, notes, departmental manuals, monographs, reprints, films, photographs, and slides. The collection is a resource for studying the history of orthopedic surgery at Johns Hopkins.

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