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Carl Ernest Taylor was born in Landour, Mussoorie, U.P., India, the son of medical missionaries. He received a B.S. from Muskingum College in 1937 and a M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 1941. After a residency at Gorgas Hospital in the Panama Canal Zone, Taylor completed his work with the U.S. Public Health Service in Pittsburg. He returned to India in 1947 to become director of the Memorial Hospital in Fatehgarh as part of a Presbyterian Mission. He returned to Harvard School of Public Health to complete a M.P.H. and a 1953. Taylor then returned to India as a professor, preventive and social medicine, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India, where he organized what became one of the first long term preventive care studies of maternal and children’s health. After another teaching stint at Harvard School of Public Health (1956-1961), Taylor was appointed professor of public health administration and the first Director, Division of International Health at the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. By 1967, Taylor was a professor of international health and chairman of the department of international health at Hopkins, a position he held until being named emeritus in 1984. Taylor was a consultant with the World Health Organization from 1957-1983 and was a major influence in the development and approval of the international Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978, a document which promoted the importance of the community in its own health care. Taylor was the founding chair of the National Council for International Health established in 1972 as well as the founding chair of the American Public Health Association’s International Health section. He was also the China representative for Unicef from 1984-1987. Taylor published almost 200 journal articles, books, chapters and policy papers. He also received numerous honorary degrees and awards including a 1993 recognition by President Clinton for “sustained work to protect children around the world in especially difficult circumstances and a life-time commitment to community based primary care”.

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The Carl E. Taylor Collection consists of correspondence, papers, books and other materials covering the life span of his career as one of the founders of international health as an academic discipline.

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