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The Walter Edward Dandy Collection

  • Creator: Dandy, Walter Edward (1886 - 1946)

  • Collection Date: 1905 - 1946

  • Extent: 35 linear feet

  • An unpublished inventory for this collection is available at the Archives.
Walter Edward Dandy
by Julian Lamar
oil on canvas, 59.5 by 39.5 inches, 1941.


Walter Edward Dandy was born in Sedalia, Missouri. He received his A.B. in 1907 from the University of Missouri and his M.D. in 1910 from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dandy spent a year working with Harvey Cushing in the Hunterian Laboratory at Johns Hopkins before beginning his internship and residency at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. He joined the faculty of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1914 and remained there until his death in 1946. One of his most important contributions to neurosurgery was the method of air contrast ventriculography, where cerebrospinal fluid is replaced by air to form X-ray images of the ventricular spaces within the brain. This technique was extremely successful in revealing lesions and defects in the brain. Dandy also pioneered advances in operations for Mnire's disease and glossopharangeal neuralgia and published studies showing the involvement of protruding discs in sciatic pain.

Hopkins Affiliations

1911 - 1946 Johns Hopkins Hospital
1914 - 1946 Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Scope and Content

The Walter Edward Dandy Collection spans his entire career. Series include correspondence, manuscripts, scientific notes, student notebooks, patient lists, and reprints. Manuscripts pertain to such topics as aneurysms, general brain surgery, benign tumors in the third ventricle of the brain, and intracranial neoplasms in children. Of special interest are Dandy's scientific notes on hypophysectomy experiments. Also included in the collection is a plaster-cast mask of Dandy. The collection is a strong resource for studying the development of the field of neurosurgery.

Policy on Access and Use

This collection may contain some restricted records. Materials pertaining to patients, students, employees, and human research subjects, as well as unprocessed collections and recent administrative records, carry restrictions on access. For more information about the policies and procedures for access, see Policy on Access and Use.

Permissions and Credits

When citing material from this collection, credit The Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives of The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. For permission to reproduce images, contact the holder of the copyright.

For permissions:
archives at jhmi dot edu.